1. (a)  Show how Jesus fulfilled Isaiah’s prophecy of a suffering servant.                 
  2. He was despised, rejected and ignored in Nazareth and by the Pharisees.
  3. He came from an ordinary background e.g. born of Joseph a carpenter, and Mary.  And also led a simple life.
  4. His body was buried in the Tomb of Joseph of Arithmatea (a rich man).
  5. He underwent suffering without complaining or fighting back (i.e. in humble silence).
  6. He died for the sins of mankind.
  7. After dying to redeem mankind, He resurrected and sat at the right hand of God (a position of honour).                                                                                                                          (any 6 x 1 = 6mks)

(b)  Explain what the Benedictus reveals about the nature of God.           

  • Helper of His people.
  • Provider.  He provides His people with a might saviour.
  • Saviour – He saves His people from their enemies.
  • Protector of His people.
  • Faithful – He remembers His sacred covenant.
  • Merciful and tender – He shows mercy to His people e.g. the ancestors of His people.
  • Guider – He guides the steps of His children in the path of peace.                               (any 7×1 = 7mks)

(c)  Explain the importance of singing in a Christian service.                       

  • Makes service lively.
  • Communicates God’s message to the congregation.
  • It prepares the hearts of believers to hear from God.
  • It gives glory and honour to God.
  • It is a way of testifying of God’s greatness and mercy.
  • It is a sign of obedience to God’s word, which is, people ought to sing to God.
  • It is a form of worship.                                                                                               (any 7 x 1 = 7mks)

  • (a)  Give the qualities of true discipleship according to Jesus’ teaching. (Luke 6:20 – 49)                           
  • Perseverance in the face of persecution.
  • Having unwavering faith in Jesus.
  • Loving one’s enemies.
  • Obedience to Jesus’ teaching.
  • Implementers of Jesus’ teachings.
  • Being generous to all.
  • Exercising self-criticism before judging others.
  • Showing compassion to others.                                                                     (any 7×1 = 7mks)

(b)  Narrate the healing of the Gerasene demonic.                                                   

  • After crossing the Sea of Galilee, Jesus entered a Gentile town of Gerasa, a city opposite Galilee.
  • Here Jesus met a demon-possessed man.
  • The man had been living in the caves used for the burial of the dead.  He wore no clothes.
  • When the man saw Jesus, he asked Jesus not to torment him.
  • When Jesus asked him what his name was, he responded that he was called “Legion”, which stands for between 2000 and 6000 soldiers in a battlefield.  This meant that this man was possessed by very many demons.
  • Jesus had sympathy for the Gerasene demoniac, and ordered the unclean spirit to leave him.
  • Jesus let the evil spirits go into the pigs that were grazing nearby, which then fell into the lake and drowned.
  • Jesus then told him to go and proclaim what God had done for him.  He went back to his village and started proclaiming the word of God.
  • The people of Gerasa reacted negatively to Jesus’ act of healing.  They asked Jesus to go away because their pigs had drowned.  They were afraid of incurring further losses and did not understand the mission of Jesus.                                                                                                                         (any 7×1=7mks)

(c)  Identify six ways through which Christians show concern to non-Christians.                                    

  • Providing material needs to those who are needy e.g. poor, orphans, widows.
  • Seeking medical attention for those who are sick.
  • Preaching to them the good news.
  • Praying for them.
  • Appreciating their success e.g. healings from diseases, etc.
  • Visiting them.                                                                                                              (any 6 x 1 = 6mks)
  •  (a) Narrate the incident in which Jesus praised the widow who offered two copper coins in the temple in

(Luke 21:1-4).                                                             

  • Jesus looked up and saw the rich putting their gifts into the treasury.
  • He saw a poor widow put in two copper coins and he said “Truly I tell you, this poor widow has put in more than all of them: for they all contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty put in all the saving that she had.
  • Jesus praised the widow for giving all she had, which may have caused conflict between Jesus and the rich who listened.                                                                                                        ( 5 x 1 = 5mks )

 (b)  What is the significance of the Lord’s Supper to Christians today?     


  • The Lord’s Supper is related to the new covenant in the blood of Jesus.  Every time Christians celebrate it, they renew their faith in God and bind themselves to it.
  • Just as the blood of the sacrificial lamb saved the Israelites from destruction, so too does the blood of Jesus save humankind.
  • Through the celebration of the Lord’s Supper, Christians also anticipate the second coming of Jesus and the establishment of God’s Kingdom.
  • The Lord’s Supper is an act of repentance through which Christians receive assurance of the forgiveness of sins.
  • Jesus presence becomes a reality through the sharing of the bread and wine.
  • It is a symbol of the heavenly feast which Christians will partake of in God’s kingdom.
  • The Lord’s Supper is also a sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving to God.  It is a time for re-dedication and self-renewal to Christ.
  • It signifies spiritual nourishment.                                                                                (any 8×1 = 8mks)

(c)  How can Christians prepare themselves for the second coming of Christ?      

  • Engage in prayer and fasting so that they strengthen their faith.
  • Practice works of charity, such as helping the poor and the needy and sharing with them.
  • Constantly reading the Bible so that they can grow spiritually.
  • Preach the Gospel in order to bring others to Christ.
  • Living holy lives and having desire to pursue righteousness.
  • Encouraging one another and fellowshipping together.
  • Boldly confessing Jesus as their personal saviour.
  • Facing persecutions courageously.                                                                            (any 7×1 = 7mks)
  • (a)  Explain the Christian criteria for discerning the gifts of the Holy Spirit.        
  • A person under the influence of the Holy Spirit recognizes Jesus as Lord and saviour.
  • One endowed with the gift of true prophecy is known by his / her way of life, so he/she will be obedient to the teachings of Jesus Christ.        
  • A prophet’s way of life should conform to the teachings of Jesus.
  • People who live by the Holy Spirit and are guided by Him are known by the fruit of the spirit they display.
  • The gifts will be used in an orderly and decent way as God is not the author of disorder.(any 5×1 = 5mks)

(b)  State the various gifts of the Holy Spirit.                                                 

  • Speaking in tongues.
  • Interpretation of tongues.
  • Prophecy.
  • Performing miracles.
  • Healing.
  • Faith.
  • Knowledge.
  • Wisdom.
  • Discerning the gifts.                                                                                                    (any 8×1 = 8mks)

(c)  What lessons do Christians learn from the activities of the early church?    

  • Praying together.
  • Participating in the social life of the community.
  • Encouraging one another.
  • Carrying out missionary work together.
  • Supporting each other in times of persecution.
  • Holding interdenominational crusades and prayers.
  • Sharing one’s property with others equally.                                                               (any 7 x 1= 7mks)
  • (a)  Outline ways through which a marriage partner is chosen in traditional African communities.              
  • The parents of the boy could identify the girl and then approach the parents of the girl and ask for her hand in marriage.
  • The young people (boys chose their own partners and then informed their parents).
  • Parents could also make the choice when their children are still young and let them to marry when they come of age e.g. among the Maasai.
  • Sometimes the choice is made by a relative who acts as a go-between.
  • A senior wife / first wife of a polygamist may choose a second wife for her husband.
  • Widow / inheritance / levirate marriage – when a husband died, his widow, children and property are inherited by his brother or a close relative.
  • A girl who gets pregnant before marriage can be forced to marry an old man chosen by other community members.
  • In some communities, girls are given out to chiefs and kings as gifts by their subjects.
  • There are cases where a debtor gives his daughter to a creditor in order to repay a debt.
  • In some cases, women captured during inter-ethnic wars were given men to marry them.
  • Twins could marry each other.                                                                                   (any 8×1 = 8mks)

(b)  Explain why divorce was rare in traditional African communities.                 

  • Marriage is permanent / highly valued.
  • There is investigation concerning the family to be involved in the marriage / courtship was allowed in some communities.
  • Many people are involved in marriage negotiations.
  • The wife belongs to both the husband and the wider community.
  • Payment of dowry / getting children seal the marriage.
  • Elaborate marriage procedures / ritual make it difficult for one to divorce.
  • Fear of paying fines / returning bride wealth in case of divorce.     
  • Marriage disputes are handled by the parents / elders.
  • Boys / girls are taught about sex / family life.
  • Gender roles are clearly observed.                                                                            (any 6×1 = 6mks)

(c)  Identify the effects of divorce on children in Kenya today.                     

  • Loss of parental love / guidance.
  • Can lead to abuse of drugs.
  • Can lead to school drop out / truancy.
  • Children run away from home / could become street children.
  • Can lead to child abuse / labour.
  • May engage in prostitution / crime to provide for themselves (criminals).
  • Can suffer emotional imbalance.                                                                                (any 6×1 = 6mks)

  •  (a)  Describe how wealth was acquired in traditional African communities.        
  • Bride price was given as a token of appreciation to the girls parents.
  • The barter trade (exchange of commodities / goods).
  • Through inheritance of property from parents or relatives.
  • Gifts were given in appreciation of talents, good conduct / loyalty.
  • Through warfare / raids.
  • Through marrying many wives / getting many children who provided labour force.
  • Through use of skills like tool making / pottery / weaving (they were able to produce goods for exchange).
  • Those with talents like medicine-men / diviners / rainmakers sold their services.
  • Those who worked hard e.g. through clearing forests / breaking of virgin lands enriched themselves.

(any 5 x 1 = 5mks)

(b)  Explain how money economy has undermined the principles of Christian living.                                                           There is use of corruption / bribery, giving false witness and other immoral practices.

  • People are discriminated against because of poverty.
  • There is power struggle to acquire wealth / richness and to protect it.
  • Wage labour has undermined the family unit.
  • People sell family land and end up living as squatters / labourers on the very land / homeless.
  • There is the rise of individualism / unwillingness to share.
  • Development of class system in Africa.
  • Bride price / marriage has been commercialized thus undermining love / equality in the home.
  • Struggle to acquire wealth has undermined commitment to God / worship of God.       (any 8×1 = 8mks)

(c)  Outline ways in which Christians in Kenya utilize their wealth.            

  • Through financing the spread of the gospel.
  • Contributions towards the constructions of hospitals / schools / churches / homes for the old / destitute / disabled and rehabilitation centres.
  • Giving famine relief e.g. to the drought stricken areas etc.
  • Provision of social services / amenities to the needy.
  • Giving alms to the poor / sharing with others.
  • Giving tithes and offerings.
  • Paying taxes in the government.
  • Providing for family needs.

Provision of formal education / professional training and technical training schools / colleges / universities etc.                                                            

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